In English "Paraphilia". The word comes from the ancient Greek words "para" meaning "above", "beyond", "next to" and "-philia" meaning "friendship" or "love".
The word paraphilia is used as an overall sexological and psychological term that describes sexual urges associated with particular objects, situations or individuals. Especially those who can interfere with the possibility of mutual love.
Paraphilia was formerly also called perversions. A word used to describe sexual behavior and desires that deviated from the "normal". There is no agreement on what is normal, what is "just" kinks (special sexual taste) and what is paraphilia. At one time, masturbation and anal sex were also considered sexual deviations. But today they are considered to be quite normal in most people. So the "norm" can and will change over time.
In the latest version of the American diagnostic manual for mental disorders, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Version 5 (DSM-5), a distinction is added between paraphilias and paraphilic disorders, stating that paraphilias do not require or justify psychiatric treatment in themselves . At the same time, a paraphilic disorder is defined as “a paraphilia that currently causes anxiety/distress or deterioration for the individual or a paraphilia whose satisfaction has resulted in personal injury or risk of harming others.
Examples of other paraphilias
Voyeurism: Excitement from watching others, especially sexual activities
Exhibitionism: Excitement from exposing one's genitals in public or to unsuspecting strangers.
Sadomasochism: Elation at the infliction of pain or humiliation. In individuals who prefer to be the recipient of such stimulation, this is called masochism; in the "provider", sadism. Often a person obtains sexual arousal from both sadistic and masochistic activities.
(Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders)